From the first moments of pregnancy, some changes begin to occur in the body. Although may notice these changes in some expectant mothers, they may not be seen in some people. Although pregnancy symptoms vary week by week, the same symptoms may not appear in every woman.
“Am I pregnant?”, “How many weeks pregnant am I?” To get the correct answer to such questions, it is necessary to examine the body’s reactions and consult the doctor to have a healthy pregnancy process. Although there are common symptoms of pregnancy, they may vary from person to person. Those seen as signs of pregnancy may also be associated with something else.
What are the symptoms of pregnancy?
Changes in the body, hormones secreted due to pregnancy, growth of the uterus, diets, such factors differentiate pregnancy symptoms on a weekly and monthly basis. Among the first signs of pregnancy is the increase of estrogen and progesterone hormones. With the rise in body level of these hormones; At the same time, the formation of greater sensitivity in the breasts, which are also signs of menstruation, and the growth of the breasts are noticeable.
However, these should not be considered a definitive sign of pregnancy and should perform pregnancy tests to be sure. Although the symptoms that indicate pregnancy are not very pronounced in the first weeks, the hormonal changes caused by pregnancy begin to manifest themselves quickly in the body. In some people, early pregnancy symptoms may start to appear in the first week, and in some people, these symptoms may not appear at all. Signs of pregnancy can be listed as follows:
Menstrual delay is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. However, not every menstrual delay is a definitive sign of pregnancy. When a menstrual delay occurs due to the absence of menstrual bleeding during pregnancy, women may see this as a sign of early pregnancy. Menstrual delay can be a sign of pregnancy or may indicate other gynecology. In addition, stress and eating disorders can cause menstrual delay.
Chest pain and breast sensitivity
Symptoms of early pregnancy include ‘changes in breasts.’ Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy (secretion of the hormones estrogen, prolactin, and progesterone) can cause pain in the breasts. Since chest pain is also one of the symptoms of menstruation, it alone is not enough to be a definitive sign of pregnancy. Symptoms of pregnancy can also include dilation and darkening of the nipples. These conditions, which are seen as signs of pregnancy, can occur immediately after fertilization or later in pregnancy.
These conditions, seen as breast sensitivity at the beginning of pregnancy, continue with growth later in pregnancy. Darkening of the nipple is another early sign of pregnancy. The darkening of the nipple is caused by pregnancy hormones that affect the cells or melanocytes in the nipples that control color. Nipples may become more pronounced during pregnancy; milk ducts in the nipples also open during pregnancy.
In some cases, the symptoms of pregnancy may manifest as discharge. Bleeding during pregnancy is in the form of mild staining and can be a precursor to the onset of pregnancy. These hemorrhages are different from menstrual bleeding and are among the symptoms of early pregnancy, as they can indicate the beginning of pregnancy. At the same time, bleeding can signify external pregnancy, so a doctor’s check-up should be carried out.
Dizziness during pregnancy can be seen as due to metabolic changes. In this process, metabolic follow-up is critical.
Fatigue and the urge to sleep
The hormone progesterone, which increases in the body, can create a desire to sleep. For this reason, the symptoms of pregnancy in the first three months may be a constant desire to sleep and fatigue. This symptom decreases after the 3rd month of pregnancy.
Stomach and digestive problems
Stomach and digestive system problems can be among the symptoms of pregnancy. The hormone progesterone secreted due to pregnancy causes food to progress more slowly through the esophagus. In this case, it can delay the digestion of food and the emptying of the stomach.
Having brown spots in some parts of the body can be a sign of pregnancy. Pregnancy spots can usually be seen around the nipples, groin, abdomen, and belly. Although it is unknown exactly why these spots are caused, it is thought to be due to the hormone estrogen secreted during pregnancy. Pigment changes in skin color during pregnancy are known as pregnancy masks. This can be seen in 70 – 90% of expectant mothers. Pregnancy may increase even more when exposed to skin blemishes, sunlight, or other UV rays.
Acne during pregnancy can be seen due to hormonal changes after the eighth week. In rare cases, existing pimples may decrease.
In the last three months of pregnancy, pregnancy cracks may begin to form. These cracks can be seen especially in the abdomen, arm, and leg sections. Genetic factors also affect the formation of cracks in pregnancy, and it is not possible to prevent them altogether.
A slow digestive system, which is among the symptoms of pregnancy, can cause constipation. This is because the growing uterus puts pressure on the last part of the intestines. Those suspected of pregnancy should not use laxatives and similar drugs for constipation without consulting the doctor.
Women who have migraine problems before pregnancy may experience headaches during pregnancy. Women who do not have migraine problems may also experience headaches more often than usual in the first three months of pregnancy. Headache during pregnancy is usually a tension-type headache and can occur due to hormonal change, anxiety, and stress. Painkillers are generally not recommended for headaches experienced in the first three months of pregnancy. Taking medication during pregnancy can be risky for fetal development. If undiagnosed headaches, high blood pressure, edema in the hands and feet are found during pregnancy, consult a doctor immediately. Can ease headaches during pregnancy after the 3rd month of pregnancy.
Although it is among the most common signs of pregnancy, not every nausea may signify pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting can also be seen frequently in cases such as stress, vertigo, hepatitis, pancreatic diseases, tense stomach, gastric hernia, tense intestine, reflux, stomach irritation, irritation of the intestinal membrane, kidney disease, gallbladder disease, constipation of virus origin, Regli, etc.
The common complaint of 3/4 of women during the first pregnancy is nausea and develops due to physiological reasons. The answer to why sickness causes pregnancy is associated with increased estrogen and Beta HCG hormones. The complaint of nausea in most pregnant women causes vomiting from time to time. Nausea and vomiting may vary from person to person and can be seen early or mid-pregnancy.
Nausea during pregnancy can be very difficult for expectant mothers during the first three months. This condition, known as morning sickness, can sometimes be accompanied by dizziness. The change in carbohydrate metabolism and vitamin B6 deficiency can cause nausea. Since morning nausea can cause dehydration in the body, it is necessary to take care of nutrition during this period.