A runny nose is defined as the dripping or flow of mucus from the nose. A runny nose, which is caused by congestion and inflammation of the linings of the nasal passages and sinuses, is usually caused by infections or foreign particles in the nose. A runny nose, which often resolves spontaneously, can also indicate more severe health problems. For this reason, should not take the complaints of runny nose lightly and should consult an otolaryngologist.
- 1 What are the causes of a runny nose?
- 1.1 What are the symptoms of a runny nose?
- 1.2 How is a runny nose treated?
- 1.3 How does a runny nose go? What are the natural methods for the treatment of runny noses?
- 1.4 How to prevent a runny nose?
- 1.5 Is a runny nose a symptom of COVID-19?
- 1.6 Why does my nose run in the morning?
- 1.7 Does a runny nose cause nosebleeds?
- 1.8 Is a runny nose contagious?
- 1.9 What does it mean when a clear liquid comes out of the nose?
- 1.10 What is the function of mucus?
- 1.11 Can anxiety cause a runny nose?
What are the causes of a runny nose?
Anything that irritates or inflames the nasal tissues can cause a runny nose. Infections such as colds and flu, allergies, and various irritants can cause a runny nose. More rarely, polyps, tumors, or migraine-like headaches can also cause a runny nose. In addition, some people may experience a chronic runny nose for no apparent reason.
The causes of the runny nose can be listed as follows:
Common cold: During a cold, a viral infection that develops in the upper respiratory tract (nose and throat), a runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, and cough may develop for about a week.
Influenza: Influenza A and B viruses, common especially in winter and seasonal transitions, last longer than the common cold. Influenza can often be accompanied by fever, weakness, muscle aches, and a runny nose.
Sinus infection: Air-filled areas on the forehead and back of the cheeks can become filled with mucus and become infected.
Allergies: Sensitivity to common allergens such as pollen or pet dander can cause itchy eyes as well as a chronic runny nose. The body of an allergic person releases a chemical called histamine. The histamine released triggers the mucus glands in the nose, speeding up production and causing a runny nose.
Some environmental non-allergic rhinitis triggers include:
- Bright lights
- Barometric pressure changes
- Cool, dry weather
- To smoke
- Spicy food
Note that everyone reacts differently to potential triggers, and why a particular trigger causes a runny nose is always evident.
Note: If allergic or non-allergic rhinitis becomes chronic, this may increase the risk of contracting a bacterial infection. In such a case, should consult a doctor without wasting time.
Cold weather: Mucus production in dry and cold weather is the body’s natural protection against this harsh weather.
Increasing blood flow through cold-weather exercise temporarily accelerates mucus in the nose and lungs.
Occupational exposures: Exposure to chemical irritants can also cause a runny nose.
Some prescription medications: Some medications used for high blood pressure or erectile dysfunction can cause a runny nose.
Crying: Tears produced during an emotional moment can also cause a runny nose.
Masses or polyps: Rarely, mass hiding in the nasal passages may also be the underlying cause of a runny nose. Nasal polyps are soft yellow growths that can grow in the nose and sinuses. They have a jelly-like consistency, may consist of inflammatory cells, and lead to a chronic runny nose.
Sleep apnea masks: Positive pressure breathing machines, such as those used for sleep apnea, can cause a runny nose during routine use.
Hormonal causes: Hormonal imbalances can also cause a runny nose. Hormonal rhinitis is a common symptom in pregnant women. This is because pregnancy is a period of significant hormonal changes. 39% of pregnant women will experience a runny nose and stuffy nose. Menopause, puberty, and contraceptive use can also lead to hormonal rhinitis.
What are the symptoms of a runny nose?
The main symptom of a runny nose is excessive mucus produced in the nasal passages. This excess mucus clogs the nasal passages, making it difficult to breathe through the nose.
Some symptoms of a runny nose include:
- Excessive mucus production
- Runny nose
- Difficulty breathing
- Nasal congestion
- Bouts of sneezing
- Headache or facial pain due to increased pressure in the nasal cavities
- Sore throat or cough due to mucus dripping back into the throat (post-nasal drip)In some severe cases, nosebleeds can occur from blowing too much nose. Also, a long runny nose can result in a sore throat or laryngitis.
How is a runny nose treated?
Suppose the complaint of a runny nose does not resolve spontaneously within a few days. In that case, it is necessary to see a doctor without wasting time, especially in the following issues that develop with a runny nose.
- Difficulty in breathing
- Nosebleeds, especially those that last a few minutes
- A foreign body in the nose
- High fever
Some of the questions that the doctor will want to learn from the patients who come with the complaint of a runny nose may be:
- Do you have a fever complaint?
- Is your nose stuffy?
- Do you have a headache complaint?
- Do you have a cough complaint? If so, how long? The doctor may suspect a bacterial infection such as sinusitis. With the nasopharyngolaryngoscopy procedure, the otolaryngologist may want to find out if a mass or structural abnormality is causing the symptoms.
There is a variety of prescription and over-the-counter medications available to help manage a runny nose. Nasal sprays containing magnesium and zinc supplements, which can use under a doctor’s supervision, can help open the cells and nasal passageway.
How does a runny nose go? What are the natural methods for the treatment of runny noses?
In cases where a bacterial or viral infection causes a runny nose, it is necessary to see a doctor. Because applications at home and over-the-counter medications do not directly fight the virus or bacteria that cause a runny nose, they can only alleviate the symptoms.
The best way to get rid of the runny nose caused by allergic rhinitis is to reduce the levels of histamine secreted in the body. Some applications that can be beneficial for nasal discharge that is not caused by allergic rhinitis, mainly due to a viral infection such as colds and flu, can be listed as follows:
Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking plenty of fluids can help keep the nasal tissues moist, loosen congestion. Some teas contain herbs that are mild decongestants. Instead of regular black or red tea, decaffeinated chamomile, ginger, or mint tea can also be consumed. These herbs contain anti-inflammatory and antihistamine properties that can relieve nasal congestion.
Hot drinks are more effective than cold drinks. Indeed, it is heat and steam that can help open the airways and relieve congestion.
Taking a hot shower: Inhaling the steam of a hot shower can help relieve your nasal congestion. Should blow the nose immediately after taking a shower.
Essential oils: Eucalyptus, peppermint, tea tree (melaleuca), and oregano oils may have decongestant properties. These can be used by inhaling directly or while bathing.
Using a humidifier: The relative humidity of the environment should be kept around 40-50 percent because the humidity environment is high, which will create an environment where dust mites and mold will develop.
Consumption of ginger: Ginger has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties to help relieve cough, runny nose, and nasal congestion.
Garlic consumption: Chewing and swallowing a clove of garlic can also be good for a runny nose. Allicin in garlic has antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties that can fight germs that cause runny nose symptoms.
Should apply a warm wet washcloth to the face several times a day: This can help relieve sinuses that may be irritated by dry air.
Along with these, other things that can be good for a runny nose can be listed as follows:
- can use soft facial wipes to clean the nose. The skin around the nose is susceptible and prone to irritation. That is why it is essential to choose smooth and soft fabrics.
- Should avoid contact with known allergenic substances as much as possible.
- It is recommended that those suffering from a runny nose stay at home and rest.
- Should slightly elevate the head of the bed during sleep.
- Should take care to wash hands frequently. Between the fingers, should clean fingernails, around the wrist, and the back of your writing with soap. As a general rule, a thorough handwash should take about 20 seconds.
- Loosely covering the nose and mouth with a scarf helps warm the air outside. This may reduce the body’s need to produce mucus.
How to prevent a runny nose?
- Dust, pet hair, and pollen are the most common causes of a runny nose. To not be exposed to these, should vacuum the house regularly and should remove dust.
- Smoking should not be used; should avoid smoking.
- It is necessary to be careful against sudden temperature changes.
- Should consume plenty of water during the day.
Is a runny nose a symptom of COVID-19?
Yes. Runny nose and nasal congestion may be symptoms of coronavirus. Other common symptoms of Covid-19 include:
- Shortness of breath
- High fever or chills
- Loss of taste and smell
- Throat ache
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle and body aches
Why does my nose run in the morning?
A runny nose in the morning is often caused by allergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis or hay fever can cause mucous membranes and mucus production due to exposure to some allergen.
Does a runny nose cause nosebleeds?
A runny nose does not usually cause nosebleeds. However, repeated blowing frequently can irritate swollen and tender mucous membranes. This can also cause nosebleeds.
Is a runny nose contagious?
Runny nose; It can be contagious if it has developed in association with diseases such as colds and flu. A runny nose that develops due to allergies is not infectious.
What does it mean when a clear liquid comes out of the nose?
This is a symptom of a runny nose. Clear nasal fluid is joint in cold weather. Other types of the runny nose caused by allergies or infection may also be clear or colored, depending on the specific cause of the runny nose.
What is the function of mucus?
Typical amounts of mucus are necessary for the airways to function properly. Mucus not only prevents harmful particles from entering the lungs but also contains antibodies that help destroy bacteria. When the nerves that feed the mucus glands become overactive, these glands can produce more than your body needs. Excessive nasal discharge can cause secondary infections such as bronchitis and sinusitis, especially in people who do not have a robust immune system, especially smokers and exposed to cigarette smoke.
On the other hand, intense mucus discharge may also predispose to otitis media and ear pain.
Can anxiety cause a runny nose?
Anxiety and prolonged stress can impair the immune system, causing a runny nose. Although a runny nose is not a serious concern, it increases the distress a person experiences with anxiety.
Our health contents have been prepared for informational purposes only and with scientific data on the registration date. For all your questions, concerns, diagnosis, or treatment about your health, please consult your doctor or health institution.